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“Matatus” In Kenya, And How They Got Their Name

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Below is an image of a ten cents Kenyan coin issued in 1971, and below the image, is an article on how the ten cents coin of those times gave “Matatus” in Kenya their name:

Coins.

Above is an image of a ten cents Kenyan coin issued in 1971. There were also five cents coins in Kenya in those days, and the Central Bank of Kenya withdrew both ten cent coins and five cents coins from circulation, around the year 1998, after both lost value to the point that they were unable to make
purchases of any kind. “Matatus” are Kenyan public transport mini-buses, and “Matatus” derive their name from the ten cent coin above.

When “Matatus” became a key mode of transport in the City of Nairobi around the mid 1960s, they charged a fare of 30 cents on all city routes, in other words, three 10 cent coins on all city routes. Many of the Kenyan public transport mini-buses in those days were owned by individuals from Kenya’s Kikuyu community, and Kikuyus in those days, referred to a ten cent coin as “I’Ngotore,” the plural of ten cent coins being “Ma’Ngotore,” so when crews would beckon for passengers back in those days, they would call out, as the fare charged,

“Ma’Ngotore Ma Tatu,” in other words, “The fare is 30 cents,” out of which, all Kenyan public transport mini-buses started being referred to as “Matatu,” in other words, “those vehicles that charge 30 cents on all routes.”

There was pressure on President Jomo Kenyatta’s Government, from bus companies of those times, such as Kenya Bus Services Limited, Gathanga Success and Akamba Bus Services Limited, to ban “Matatus,” on the basis that “Matatus” benefited from unfair business practises, which is why they were able to to charge 30 cents on all routes. This was also before the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973 by Arab Member Countries of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), against countries that supported Israel against Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973, Kenya being one
of those countries.

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Israeli Army General, Brig. Gen. Ariel “Arik” Sharon (1928 to 2014), Prime Minister of Israel from 2001 to 2006, led Israel against Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973, making him a hero in Israel, and leading to his becoming Israeli Prime Minister twenty-eight years later in 2001. There was a sharp increase in petroleum prices in Kenya in 1973 as a consequence of the said Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. In other words, one of the reasons ‘Matatus” in Kenya were able to charge low fares, before the year 1973, was lowly priced petroleum.

Another reason was that “Matatus” did not pay taxes to Local Government Authorities, nor to the Central Kenya Government, a key reason cited back then by the mentioned bus companies, regarding unfair advantages that “Matatus” had over bus companies of those times. “Matatus” are actually one of the reasons that eventually led to closure of Kenya Bus Services Limited, around the year 2000.


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